Kueneman, J.G, Bletz, M.C., McKenzie, V.J., Becker, C.G., Joseph, M., Abarca J.G., Archer, H., Arellano, L., Bataille, A., Becker, M., Belden, L., Crottini, A., Geffers, R., Haddad, C.F.B., Harris, R.N., Holden, W., Hughey, M., Jarek, M., Kearns, P.J., Kerby, J.L., Kielgast, J., Kurabayashi, A., Longo, A., Loudon, A., MedinaM., Nuñez, J.J., Perl, R.G.B., Pinto-Tomás, A., , Falitiana, C., Rabemananjara, C.E., Rebollar, E.A., Rodríguez, A., Rollins-Smith. L., Stevenson, R., Tebbe, C.C., Vargas Asensio, G., Waldman, B., Walke, J.B., Whitfield, S.M., Zamudio, K., Zúñiga Chaves, I., Woodhams, D.C. and M. Vences. In press. Community richness of amphibian skin bacteria correlates with bioclimate at the global scale. Nature Ecology & Evolution.

Song, S., Sanders, J.G., Baldassare, D.T., Chaves, J.A., Johnson, N.S., Piaggio A.J., Stuckey, M.J., Novakova, E., Metcalf, J.L., Chomel, B.B., Aguilar-Setién, A., Knight, R., and V.J. McKenzie*. In press. Is there convergence of gut microbes in blood-feeding vertebrates? Invited for special issue in : Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.

McDonald, J., Doonan, J., Gilbert, J.A., Harris, R.N., McKenzie, V.J., and S. Carryl. Accepted. “Host Microbiomes and Disease,” chapter in Microbiomes of Plants and Animals: an Integrated Approach. Cambridge University Press.

Arellano AL, Goodman GB, Parfrey LW, and VJ McKenzie. Accepted. Applying next generation sequencing methods to parasite surveys of wild canids. International Journal for Parasitology.

West, A.G., Waite, D., Deines, P., Bourne, D.G., Digby, A., McKenzie, V.J., and M.W. Taylor. 2019. The microbiome in threatened species conservation. Biological Conservation 229:85-98.

Resasco, J., Bitters, M.E., Cunningham, S.A., Jones, H.I., McKenzie, V.J., and K.F. Davies. 2019. Experimental habitat fragmentation disrupts nematode infections in Australian skinks. Ecology 100(1) e02547.


Amato, K.R., Sanders, J.G., Song, S.J., Nute, M., Metcalf, J.L., Thompson, L.R., Morton, J.T., Amir, A., McKenzie, V.J., Humphrey, G. and Gogul, G., 2018. Evolutionary trends in host physiology outweigh dietary niche in structuring primate gut microbiomes. The ISME Journal, p.1.

Prest, T.L., Kimball, A.K., Kueneman, J.G. and V.J. McKenzie*, 2018. Host-associated bacterial community succession during amphibian development. Molecular Ecology, 27(8),pp.1992-2006.

Abarca, J.G., Vargas, G., Zuniga, I., Whitfield, S.M., Woodhams, D.C., Kerby, J., McKenzie,V.J., Murillo-Cruz, C. and Pinto-Tomás, A.A., 2018. Assessment of bacterial communities associated with the skin of Costa Rican amphibians at La Selva biological station. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9.

McKenzie VJ, Kueneman JG, and RN Harris. In Press. Probiotics as a tool for disease mitigation in wildlife: insights from food production and medicine. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Invited for Special Issue: The Year in Ecology and Conservation Biology


Piovia-Scott J, Rejmanek D, Woodhams DC, Worth SJ, Kenny H, McKenzie VJ, Lawler SP, Foley JE. Greater species richness of bacterial skin symbionts better suppresses the amphibian fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Microbial Ecology. 74 (1) (January 07, 2017): 217-226.

Bletz MC, Archer H, Harris RN, McKenzie VJ, Rabemananjara FCE, Rakotoarison A, and M. Vences. Host ecology rather than host phylogeny drives amphibian skin microbial community structure in the biodiversity hotspot of Madagascar. Frontiers in Microbiology. 8 (August 17, 2017): ARTN 1530.

McKenzie VJ, Song SJ, Delsuc F, Prest TL, Oliverio AM, Korpita TM, Alexiev A, Amato KR, Metcalf JL, Kowalewski M, N Avenant. The Effects of captivity on the mammalian gut microbiome. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 57 (4) (October 01, 2017): 690- 704.

Thompson LR, Sanders JG, McDonald D, Amir A, Ladau J, Locey KJ, Prill RJ, Tripathi A, Gibbons SM, Ackerman G, Navas-Molina JA, Janssen S, Morton JT, Jiang Lingjing, Song SJ, Owens SM, McKenzie VJ, Fierer N, Fuhrman JA, Clauset A, Stevens RL, Shade A, Pollard KS, Goodwin KD, Jansson JK, Gilbert JA, and R Knight. A communal catalogue reveals Earth’s multiscale microbial diversity. Nature. 551 (7681) (November 23, 2017): 457-+.

Metcalf JL, Song SJ, Morton JT, Weiss S, Seguin-Orlando A, Joly F, Feh C, Taberlet P, Coissac E, Amir A, Willerslev E, Knight R, McKenzie VJ, and L. Orlando. Evaluating the impact of domestication and captivity on the horse gut microbiome. Scientific Reports. 7 (November 14, 2017): ARTN 15497.

Kueneman JG, Weiss S, McKenzie VJ. Composition of micro-eukaryotes on the skin of the cascades frog (Rana cascadae) and patterns of correlation between skin microbes and Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Frontiers in Microbiology. 8 (December 08, 2017): ARTN 2350.


Kueneman JG, Woodhams DC, Van Treuren W, Archer HM, Knight R, McKenzie VJ. Inhibitory bacteria reduce fungi on early life stages of endangered Colorado boreal toads (Anaxyrus boreas). ISME Journal. 10 (4) (April 01, 2016): 934-944.

Rebollar EA, Antwis RE, Becker MH, Belden LK, Bletz MC, Brucker RM, Harrison XA, Hughey MC, Kueneman JG, Loudon AH, McKenzie VJ, Medina D, Minbiole KPC, Rollins-Smith LA, Walke JB, Weiss S, Woodhams DC, and RN Harris. Using “omics” and integrated multi-omics approaches to guide probiotic selection to mitigate chytridiomycosis and other emerging infectious diseases. Frontiers in Microbiology. 7 (February 02, 2016).

Mischler J, Johnson PTJ, McKenzie VJ, Townsend AR. Parasite infection alters nitrogen cycling at the ecosystem scale. Journal of Animal Ecology. 85 (3) (May 01, 2016): 817-828.

Vences M, Lyra ML, Kueneman JG, Bletz MC, Archer HM, Canitz J, Handreck S, Randrianiaina R-D, Struck U, Bhuju S, Jarek M, Geffers R, McKenzie VJ, Tebbe CC, Haddad CFB, and J Glos. Gut bacterial communities across tadpole ecomorphs in two diverse tropical anuran faunas. Science of Nature. 103 (3-4) (January 01, 2016).

Loudon AH, Venkataraman A, Van Treuren W, Woodhams DC, Parfrey LW, McKenzie VJ, Knight R, Schmidt TM, Harris RN. Vertebrate hosts as islands: dynamics of selection, immigration, ioss, persistence, and potential function of bacteria on salamander skin. Frontiers in Microbiology. 7 (March 16, 2016).

Kueneman JG, Woodhams DC, Harris R, Archer HM, Knight R, McKenzie VJ. Probiotic treatment restores protection against lethal fungal infection lost during amphibian captivity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B – Biological Sciences. 283 (1839) (September 28, 2016).

Hyde ER, Navas-Molina JA, Song SJ, Kueneman JG, Ackermann G, Cardona C, Humphrey G, Boyer D, Weaver T, Mendelson JR. The oral and skin microbiomes of captive komodo dragons are significantly shared with their habitat. mSystems. 1 (4) (July 2016).

Avena CV, Parfrey LW, Le JW, Archer HM, Frick WF, Langwig KE, Kilpatrick AM, Powers KE, Foster JT, McKenzie VJ. Deconstructing the bat skin microbiome: influences of the host and the environment. Frontiers in Microbiology. 7 (November 17, 2016).

Woodhams DC, Bletz M, Kueneman J, McKenzie V. Managing amphibian disease with skin microbiota. Trends in Microbiology. 24 (3) (March 2016): 161-164.


Holden, W.M., Hanlon, S.M., Woodhams, D.C., Chappell, T.M., Wells, H.L., Glisson, S.M., McKenzie, V.J., Knight, R., Parris, M.J. & Rollins-Smith, L.A. (2015) Skin bacteria provide early protection for newly metamorphosed southern leopard frogs (Rana sphenocephala) against the frog-killing fungus, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Biological Conservation, 187, 91–102.

Woodhams, D.C., Alford, R.A., Antwis, R.E., Archer, H., Becker, M.H., Belden, L.K., Bell, S.C., Bletz, M., Daskin, J.H., Davis, L.R., Flechas, S. V., Lauer, A., Gonzalez, A., Harris, R.N., Holden, W.M., Hughey, M.C., Ibáñez, R., Knight, R., Kueneman, J., Rabemananjara, F., Reinert, L.K., Rollins-Smith, L.A., Roman-Rodriguez, F., Shaw, S.D., Walke, J.B. & McKenzie, V. (2015) Antifungal isolates database of amphibian skin-associated bacteria and function against emerging fungal pathogens. Ecology, 96, 595–595.


Kueneman, J.G., Parfrey, L.W., Woodhams, D.C., Archer, H.M., Knight, R. & McKenzie, V.J. (2014) The amphibian skin-associated microbiome across species, space and life history stages. Molecular Ecology, 23, 1238-1250.

Loudon, A.H., Woodhams, D.C., Parfrey, L.W., Archer, H., Knight, R., McKenzie, V. & Harris, R.N. (2014) Microbial community dynamics and effect of environmental microbial reservoirs on red-backed salamanders (Plethodon cinereus). The ISME Journal, 8, 830–840.

Peterson, A.C. & McKenzie, V.J. (2014) Investigating differences across host species and scales to explain the distribution of the amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. PLoS ONE, 9(9): e107441. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0107441

Woodhams, D.C., Brandt, H., Baumgartner, S., Kielgast, J., Küpfer, E., Tobler, U., Davis, L.R., Schmidt, B.R., Bel, C., Hodel, S., Knight, R. & McKenzie, V.J. (2014) Interacting symbionts and immunity in the amphibian skin mucosome predict disease risk and probiotic effectiveness. PLoS ONE, 9, e96375.


McKenzie, V.J., Hall, W.E. & Guralnick, R.P. (2013) New Zealand mudsnails (Potamopyrgus antipodarum) in Boulder Creek , Colorado : environmental factors associated with fecundity of a parthenogenic invader. NRC Research Press, 36, 30–36.

McMahon, T. A, Brannelly, L. A, Chatfield, M.W.H., Johnson, P.T.J., Joseph, M.B., McKenzie, V.J., Richards-Zawacki, C.L., Venesky, M.D. & Rohr, J.R. (2013) Chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis has nonamphibian hosts and releases chemicals that cause pathology in the absence of infection. PNAS, 110, 210–5.

Peterson, A.C., Richgels, K.L.D., Johnson, P.T.J. & McKenzie, V.J. (2013) Investigating the dispersal routes used by an invasive amphibian, Lithobates catesbeianus, in human-dominated landscapes. Biological Invasions, 15, 2179–2191.


Kao, R.H., Gibson, C.M., Gallery, R.E., Meier, C.L., Barnett, D.T., Docherty, K.M., Blevins, K.K., Travers, P.D., Azuaje, E., Springer, Y.P., Thibault, K.M., McKenzie, V.J., Keller, M., Alves, L.F., Hinckley, E.-L.S., Parnell, J. & Schimel, D. (2012) NEON terrestrial field observations: designing continental-scale, standardized sampling. Ecosphere, 3, 1–17.

McKenzie, V.J. & Peterson, A.C. (2012) Pathogen pollution and the emergence of a deadly amphibian pathogen. Molecular Ecology, 21, 5151–5154.

McKenzie, V.J., Bowers, R.M., Fierer, N., Knight, R. & Lauber, C.L. (2012) Co-habiting amphibian species harbor unique skin bacterial communities in wild populations. The ISME journal, 6, 588–96.

Saviola, A.J., McKenzie, V.J. & Chiszar, D. (2012) Chemosensory responses to chemical and visual stimuli in five species of colubrid snakes. Acta Herpetologica, 7, 91–103.


Johnson, P.T.J., Mckenzie, V.J., Peterson, A.C., Kerby, J.L., Brown, J., Blaustein, A.R. & Jackson, T. (2011) Regional decline of an iconic amphibian associated with elevation, land-use change, and invasive species. Conservation Biology, 25, 556–566.


Johnson, P.T.J., Townsend, A.R., Cleveland, C.C., Glibert, P.M., Howarth, R.W., Mckenzie, V.J., Rejmankova, E. & Ward, M.H. (2010) Linking environmental nutrient enrichment and disease emergence in humans and wildlife. Ecological Applications, 20, 16–29.

McKenzie, V.J. & Goulet, N.E. (2010) Bird community composition linked to human West Nile virus cases along the Colorado front range. EcoHealth, 7, 439–447.

2009 and earlier

Johnson, P.T.J. & McKenzie, V.J. (2009) Effects of environmental change on helminth infections in amphibians: Exploring the emergence of Ribeiroia and Echinostoma infections in North America. Biology of Echinostomes: From the Molecule to the Community, p. 333.

McKenzie, V.J. & Starks, H. A. (2008) Blood parasites of two Costa Rican amphibians with comments on detection and microfilaria density associated with adult filarial worm intensity. Journal of Parasitology, 94, 824–829.

McKenzie, V.J. (2007) Human land use and patterns of parasitism in tropical amphibian hosts. Biological Conservation, 137, 102–116.

McKenzie, V.J. & Townsend, A.R. (2007) Parasitic and infectious disease responses to changing global nutrient cycles. EcoHealth, 4, 384–396.

Torchin, M.E., Lafferty, K.D., Dobson, A.P., McKenzie, V.J. & Kuris, A.M. (2003) Introduced species and their missing parasites. Nature, 421, 628–630.

McKenzie, V.J. & Caira, J.N. (1998) Three new genera and species of tapeworms from the longnose sawshark, Pristiophorus cirratus, with comments on their modes of attachment to the spiral intestine. Journal of Parasitology, 84, 409–21.